# Courses: ongoing

The following courses were scheduled for the ongoing academic year:

The following courses were scheduled for the ongoing academic year:

Michael Monagan : mmonagan@sfu.ca

Simon Fraser University

An undergraduate degree in mathematics and basic programming skills (you are comfortable programming with arrays and loops and writing subroutines). Or an undergraduate degree in computer science and an algebra course (in groups or rings and fields, or number theory).

Registration for this course is not currently available.

A course on algorithms for algebraic computation and tools for computing with multivariate polynomials, polynomial ideals, exact linear algebra, and algebraic numbers. Tools include the Fast Fourier Transform, Groebner bases, and the Schwartz-Zippel Lemma. We will use Maple as a calculator and as a programming language to implement algorithms. Instruction in Maple usage and programming will be provided.

Lectures are on Tuesdays and Thursdays 9:30am to 11:20am (Pacific Time) .

Lectures will be shared via zoom. Students will need to have installed the zoom app on their desktop/laptop.

Adam Topaz : topaz@ualberta.ca

University of Alberta

There are no strict mathematical prerequisites, but a certain level of mathematical maturity will be assumed (see the syllabus for more details). Although not strictly required, it would be useful for students to have some

*minor*level of familiarity with interactive theorem proving, for example at the level of the natural number game

Registration for this course is not currently available.

The last few years have seen amazing advances in interactive proof assistants and their use in mathematics. For example, Lean’s mathematics library `mathlib`

now has over one million lines of code and is still growing in a significant rate. Furthermore, recent highly celebrated successes in the subject, such as the completion of the *sphere eversion project* and the *liquid tensor experiment*, suggest that we are approaching a paradigm shift in mathematics, where cutting edge research can be formally verified in a relatively short amount of time. This course will serve as an introduction to the formalization of mathematics, using the Lean4 interactive proof assistant and its mathematics library `Mathlib4`

. See the attached syllabus for an outline of the topics we expect to cover.

Lectures are Tuesdays and Thursdays, 11am to 12:20pm, Mountain time. All lectures will take place electronically using zoom (or similar software).

Julien Arino : Julien.Arino@umanitoba.ca

University of Manitoba

Permission of the department. The course is dual listed, the undergraduate version requires a second year linear algebra course. While the prerequisites are low, you should be comfortable with the content of a solid second year linear algebra course, as the course is fast paced.

Registration for this course is not currently available.

Matrices are ubiquitous in many aspects of mathematics. They show up, for instance, when considering the local asymptotic stability of equilibria of systems of ordinary differential equations, the long term behaviour of Markov chains, the study of graphs and the discretization of reaction-diffusion equations.

- explore the role of matrices in several fields of mathematics;
- study properties of these matrices;
- develop a toolbox to study some matrix properties computationally.

https://julien-arino.github.io/math-4370-7370/

For more information about this course, including a detailed syllabus, please see the course website.

Alia Hamieh : alia.hamieh@unbc.ca

University of Northern British Columbia

A graduate course in analytic number theory that includes Dirichlet series and a complex-analytic proof of the prime number theorem (preferably Analytic Number Theory I taught by Kadiri in Fall 2022)

Registration for this course is not currently available.

This course is an advanced graduate course in number theory, designed to follow Analytic Number Theory I taught by Prof. Habiba Kadiri (University of Lethbridge) in Fall 2022 and Analytic Number Theory II taught by Prof. Greg Martin (UBC) in Winter 2023. All three of these courses are part of the current PIMS CRG “L-functions in Analytic Number Theory”. In this course, we will establish estimates for moments of L-functions and explore the tools needed to study them including approximate functional equations, zero density estimates, zero free regions, mean value estimates for Dirichlet polynomials, large sieve inequalities, Poisson and Voronoi summation formulae, shifted convolution sums, holomorphic modular forms and associated L-functions, trace formulae, and the spectral theory of automorphic forms.

Soumik Pal : soumikpal@gmail.com

University of Washington

Young-Heon Kim : yhkim@math.ubc.ca

University of British Columbia

First year graduate course in real analysis and/or probability.

Some knowledge in PDE and differential geometry at a graduate level will be very helpful.

Registration for this course is not currently available.

The space of probability distributions with finite second moments can be made into a natural metric space, called the Wasserstein space, whose metric is defined by using the optimal transportation between probability distributions. On this metric space one can draw curves that represent motion along the steepest descent (AKA gradient flow) of functionals of probability measures. This is a very fruitful way to view many important families of probability measures that arise from PDEs and stochastic processes. For example, using this geometric framework, one may derive functional inequalities and infer rates of convergence of Markov processes. A striking example is that of the heat equation, whose solution can be interpreted as the family of marginal distributions of Brownian motion. In the Wasserstein space, this curve of probability laws is the gradient flow of the Shannon entropy.

We will discuss the theory of Wasserstein gradient flows, including the formal Riemannian calculus due to Otto, and the modern techniques of metric measures spaces. Apart from the classical examples, we will also discuss many modern variations such as Wasserstein mirror gradient flows that come up in statistical applications. A fruitful interaction between probability, geometry, and PDE theory will be developed simultaneously. This is a continuation of the sequence of OT+X courses under the Kantorovich Initiative.

The course is being offered simultaneously at Korea Advanced Institute of
Science and Technology (KAIST) and the PIMS network, including the University of
Washington, Seattle. **Due to different time schedules for individual campuses
and
the time zones, the course has an unusual structure. Please read the details
below carefully.**

Lecture hours

**6:30pm - 8pm Pacific on Tuesdays and Thursdays**. Thus we will have two classes per week, each for 90 mins.Lectures will be taught over Zoom and videos and notes will be made available to everyone afterwards.

A Slack channel will be used to communicate with students and distribute teaching material.

There will be no exams in this course. Occasional homework problems will be provided.

Students at Canadian PIMS Member Universities may register through the Western Deans Agreement. Students at UW may register directly for the UW course. Course codes and other registration details for students in either of these cases are listed in the registration section above. Students at other institutions should contact one of the instructors to attend the course as a non-registered student.

Part I is a recap of the basics of Monge-Kantorovich optimal transport theory.
*You do NOT need to take this part if you are already familiar with the basics*.
This will be covered between **AUG 28** and **SEP 26**. Topics covered during
this period are:

- linear programming
- Monge-Kantorovich problem
- Kantorovich duality
- Monge-Ampère PDE
- Brenier’s Theorem
- Wasserstein-2 metric

This will start on **SEP 27** and continue through **DEC 7**. A rough syllabus
of topics covered are presented below in the order they will be covered. There
might be some changes depending on our progress.

- Wasserstein space
- metric property
- geodesics, displacement interpolation, generalized geodesic
- Geodesic convexity

- AC curves in the Waserstein space and the continuity equation
- Benamou-Brenier and dynamic OT
- Otto calculus
- tangent spaces to the Wasserstein space
- Riemannian gradient

- Diffusions as gradient flows via Otto calculus
- Brownian motion
- Langevin diffusions

- log-Sobolev and other functional inequalities
- Convergence of finite dimensional gradient flow of particles to the
**McKean-Vlasov diffusions**and gradient flow in the Wasserstein space. - The implicit Euler or JKO scheme
- Entropy regularization and gradient flows
- Schrödinger bridges
- Large deviation and gradient flows

- Mirror gradient flows, parabolic Monge-Ampere and the Sinkhorn algorithm

Shaun Lui & Mikael Slevinsky : Shaun.Lui@umanitoba.ca

University of Manitoba

Undergraduate analysis and PDEs

Some exposure to numerical analysis is desirable but not necessary

Some homework questions will require computer programming (MATLAB, Julia or similar)

Permission of Instructor

Registration for this course is not currently available.

Spectral methods are numerical methods for solving PDEs. When the solution is analytic, the convergence rate is exponential. The first part of this course gives an introduction to spectral methods. The emphasis is on the analysis of these methods including truncation and interpolation error estimates, and condition number estimates. The second part of the course focuses on fast algorithms for orthogonal polynomials. These algorithms leverage data-sparsities that are present in many of the problems when solved by orthogonal polynomial expansions.

- Trigonometric and orthogonal polynomials (truncation and interpolation error estimates, aliasing, Lebesgue constants)
- Fourier spectral (FFT), spectral Galerkin and spectral tau methods
- Spectral collocation for Poisson equation with Dirichlet BCs (convergence and condition number estimates)
- Neumann problems and fourth-order PDEs
- Other topics (Ultraspherical spectral methods, time-dependent PDEs)

- Synthesis and analysis
- Chebyshev polynomials and the fast discrete sine and cosine transforms
- Modification algorithms for orthogonal polynomials (d) Fast approximation of the connection coefficients
- Multivariate orthogonal polynomials via Koornwinder’s construction (f) Time evolution with exponential integrators

- Tues, Thurs 3 - 4:15 (CDT)

- MH416 and Zoom

- Course notes will be provided.

- J. Shen T. Tao and L.-L. Wang, Spectral methods. Algorithms, analysis and applications, Springer, 2011.
- L.N. Trefethen, Spectral Methods in Matlab, SIAM, 2000.
- L.N. Trefethen, Approimation Theory and Approximation Practice (Extended Ed.), SIAM, 2020.
- S. Olver, R. M. Slevinsky, and A. Townsend, Fast algorithms using orthogonal
polynomials,
*Acta Numerica*, 29: 573–699, 2020.

There are 4 Homeworks (each contributing 17% toward the grade) and a project (32%).

The Department of Mathematics, the Faculty of Science and the University of Manitoba regard acts of academic dishonesty in quizzes, tests, examinations or assignments as serious offenses and may assess a variety of penalties depending on the nature of the offense. Acts of academic dishonesty include bringing unauthorized materials into a test or exam, copying from another student, plagiarism and examination personation. Students are advised to read section 7 (Academic Integrity) and section 4.2.8 (Examinations: Personations) in the “General Academic Regulations and Requirement” of the current Undergraduate Calendar. Note, in particular that cell phones and pagers are explicitly listed as unauthorized materials, and hence may not be present during tests or examinations. Penalties for violation include being assigned a grade of zero on a test or assignment, being assigned a grade of “F” in a course, compulsory withdrawal from a course or program, suspension from a course/program/faculty or even expulsion from the University. For specific details about the nature of penalties that may be assessed upon conviction of an act of academic dishonesty, students are referred to University Policy 1202 (Student Discipline Bylaw) and to the Department of Mathematics policy concerning minimum penalties for acts of academic dishonesty. The Student Discipline Bylaw is printed in its entirety in the Student Guide, and is also available on-line or through the Office of the University Secretary. Minimum penalties assessed by the Department of Mathematics for acts of academic dishonesty are available on the Department of Mathematics web-page. All Faculty members (and their teaching assistants) have been instructed to be vigilant and report incidents of academic dishonesty to the Head of the Department.

Li Xing : lix491@usask.ca

University of Saskatchewan

Students have taken undergraduate courses in linear regression and have basic R skills.

Registration for this course is not currently available.

Based on a mathematical and statistical theory foundation, the course introduces statistical methods for supervised and unsupervised learning, focusing on hands-on skills with statistical software, R, and applications to real data. The course covers resampling methods, regression and classification, tree-based methods, dimension reduction and clustering. It embeds R training throughout the entire class.

**Lecture Section**: Wednesday 6:00pm-9:00pm CST (online via zoom)**Lab Section**: Thursday 3:30pm-4:50pm CST (online via zoom for outside USask students, or onsite in a lab room to be announced).**Office Hours**: Friday 5:00pm-6:00pm CST, and by appointment (online via zoom, or onsite by appointment)

Please see the syllabus document for more details, including required reading, learning objective and evaluation components.